What distinguishes Vaisheshika from the other Hindu schools of philosophy is its emphasis on metaphysics and naturalism. It is most similar to the Nyaya (logic). Vaisheshika Philosophy. First Published: May 22, | Last Updated:May 22, Vaisheshsika is a kind of Atomism. It was proposed by Maharishi Kanaad. In ancient India, the schools of Nyaya and Vaisheshika focused on All thought systems evolve with time, and the philosophy of Vaisheshika is no exception.

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These combinations do not pre-exist in atoms nor form their essential nature. The material universe arises out of the conjunction of four kinds of atoms: There was a problem with your submission. It lists six categories of being padartha sto which was later added a seventh.

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Time and space are, like ether, only one in number ekaeternal nityaand all-pervading vibhu. It is the universal quality or characteristic possessed by all the different individual members of a particular class. The universal and the particular are not simple subjective concepts of the vaisheshiak mind; they are objective realities. This system considers consciousnessas an accidental property. Does our spiritual longing deepen after 40? Vaisheshika classifies life into seven padartha s categories of being and contends that all physical objects are made up of atoms, which this school of thought postulates vausheshika the smallest entity in the physical world.


Sanskrit languagephilossophy Sanskrit: The Vaisesika school admits the reality of spiritual substances—the soul and God—and also the Law of Karma ; therefore, its atomism is not materialism.

Vaisheshika – New World Encyclopedia

Historically, it has been closely associated with the Hindu school of logicNyaya. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Karmaor action. The other five darshans of Hindu philosophy are yoga, samkhyanyayamimamsa and vedanta.

But the later commentators refer to God as the Supreme Soul, perfect and eternal. Vaisesika is a system of pluralistic realism, which emphasizes that reality consists in difference.

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Udayanacharya assumed, with the Vaisheshikathat the world was formed by atoms, from which physical bodies also derived.

Simple, ultimate substances … are eternal, independent, individual and not subject to production and destruction.


Definition – What does Vaisheshika mean? Yoga Blogger of the Month: Vaisesika does not use this category to refer to the individuality of compound objects, which can be distinguished by the differences of their parts.

There also are the eternal substances: Contact our editors with your feedback. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Quality guna cannot exist independently, and possesses no quality or action itself; it is inherent in a substance, and depends for its existence on that substance. The Unseen Power is the efficient cause of vaisheshikka material world, while atoms are its inherent cause.


Only one universal inheres in all members of a class. Views Read Edit View history. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

The soul develops attachment to the body owing to ignorance. While a quality is static and permanent, an action is dynamic and transient. They include spiritual as well as caisheshika qualities.

Contents 1 Origins of Vaisesika 2 Categories 2.

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. The Vaisheshika school attempts to identify, inventory, and classify the entities and their relations that present themselves to human perceptions.