cover title: Many Ramayanas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia author: Richman, Paula. publisher: isbnlO | asin: University of California Press. Many Ramayanas has 53 ratings and 9 reviews. Harini said: A great collection of essays by Ramayana scholars, brilliantly edited! Paula Richman (Editor). Results 1 – 19 of 19 Many Ramayanas by Paula Richman and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at

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Ramasami’s interpretation, but within a political context. A number of scholars encouraged me during the many stages of this book: Sarah Holz rated it it was amazing Pau,a 22, To all these people I express my thanks; I alone am responsible for any shortcomings.

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A most concise kind of reduction emerges pwula metonymy, the selection of one small part of the text as representing the essence of the whole; this is what we find among the rasiks analyzed by Lutgendorf.

Let me outline a few of the differences we have not yet encountered. Moussaieff Masson, “Fratricide among the Monkeys: Such a myth, while it should not be blatantly pressed into some rigid allegory, resonates in the shadows of the tale in many details. Like all classics, the story of Rama ramqyanas Sita ramsyanas meaningful for us today because of its scope, depth, and range of characters from Sita’s mother to Shambuka’s wife and episodes including events in Rmaayanas infancy and Hanuman’s childhood.

Socially marginal groups in Indian society—Telugu women, for example, or Untouchables from Madhya Pradesh—have recast the Rama story to reflect their own views of the world, while in other hands the epic has become the basis for teachings about spiritual liberation or the demand for political separatism. When Rama, unassailable son of Dasaratha, comes to this terrible wilderness, you will become pure, you woman of no virtue, you will be cleansed of lust and confusion.

Many Ramayanas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia

For instance, in Sanskrit and in the other Indian languages, there are two endings to the story. In Indian exegesis as well as tellings, the diversity of Ramayana tradition makes itself kn own. Philip George rated ramayansa liked it Mar 13, A number of authors and commentators have puzzled over the ethically problematic way that Rama and Laksmana treat Surpanakha, Ravana’s sister. In the Dasaratha Jataka Rama returns to Banaras, where his father had been king, and establishes his wise and benevolent rule.


Our essays suggest that the Ramayana tradition permits endless refashioning of the story, sometimes in actual opposition to the ways in which the story has previously been told.

When she complains of the cruelty of the two princes and tells of the extraordinary beauty of Sita, her words arouse in Ravana a passionate desire for Sita.

Many Ramayanas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia by Paula Richman

Origin and development; Prayag: During a battle between Sugriva and Valin, Rama conceals himself behind a tree and shoots Valin from this position of hiding, an act that violates the warrior’s code.

In both the Dasaratha Jataka and the Laotian tradition, this time is located in the distant rmayanas, when the Buddha was living one of his more eventful previous lives.

Clearly, the significance of the Ramayana goes beyond specific texts to encompass twin processes that lie at the heart pauls culture. And there are stories that answer the question.

They said to Rama, “We want to talk privately with you. Now the Tamil Ramayana of Kampan generates its own offspring, its own special sphere of influence. One might think of them as a series of translations clustering around one or another in a family of texts: Those conversations are part of what keeps Ramayana alive and vital after all these centuries.

Now and then, as we have seen, Text 2 uses the plot and characters and names of Text 1 minimally and uses them to say entirely new things, often in an effort to subvert the predecessor by producing a countertext.

Beginning with the low grass and the creeping ant with nothing whatever, he took everything in his city, everything moving, everything still, he took everything, everything born of the lord of four faces, he took them all to the very best of states.


Many Ramayanas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia – Google Books

Tellings as Refashioning and Opposition Despite the widespread belief that Rama acts as the embodiment of righteous action, certain deeds that he performs have troubled various authors of Ramayana texts over the centuries. The Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas generally kn own by the shorter title Manas portrays this incident only briefly and discreetly; yet members of the rasik tradition elaborate on this account, prescribing various means to identify meditatively with the companions and servants of Sita and Rama during this period.

Reynolds In the history and literature of religions few stories have been told as many different times in as many different ways as the story of Rama. Rama lifts it and marries Sita. There are no discussion topics on this book yet.

About the Book Throughout Indian history, many authors and performers have produced, and many patrons have supported, diverse tellings of the story of the exiled prince Rama, who rescues his abducted wife by battling the demon king who has imprisoned her. Laksmana and Ravana are the eighth incarnations of this pair. Most of my research has been on literary texts. Thus Laksmana slays Ravana with his own cherished weapon. You’ll have to wait.

How can noble men and Jaina worthies like Ravana eat flesh and drink blood? By examining the portrayal of this incident in a selected set of Sanskrit, Tamil, and Hindi Ramayana texts, Erndl demonstrates how its moral ambiguities have generated a whole array of renditions and commentaries. And there is some justification for this emphasis.

Our goal has been to be suggestive, rather than comprehensive. Vietnam and Cambodia obtained their stories partly from Java and partly from India via the eastern route. Ravana leams at the end that Laksmana is such a Vasudeva come to take his life.